ABC of Diabetes

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The more of these risk factors you have, the greater your chance of having these serious complications. The following tables and graphs give details about the ABCs in people with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes in New York City. This analysis excludes pregnant women. Suggested citation: CDC. Section Navigation.

B B stands for blood pressure , which indicates how much pressure the blood is exerting against artery walls when the heart beats systolic and while the heart is resting between beats diastolic. C C stands for cholesterol. To receive updates about diabetes topics, enter your email address: Email Address.

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According to the National Diabetes Education Program, Of these, 7 million do not know they have the disease. So, what are the ABC's of diabetes and why is it important to know them? Check out this video to find out:. It is important to know your ABC's so that you can talk to your health care team about how to manage your A1C blood glucose or sugar , Blood pressure, and Cholesterol. This will help lower your chances of having a heart attack, a stroke, or other diabetes problems.

A for the A1C test. The A1C Test shows you what your blood glucose has been over the last three months. When that happens, the pancreas works doubly hard to produce more insulin to keep your blood glucose levels within normal range.


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Understanding ectopic fat can help explain why some people who are overweight or obese do not develop type 2 diabetes: they are better at safely storing fat, and remain capable of producing enough insulin. It also explains why some people develop type 2 diabetes without being overweight: they have less capacity to store fat in the right places their buttocks, thighs and breasts , and a higher propensity to accumulate fat in all the wrong places in and around their organs.

Indigenous Australians are also around four times as likely to have type 2 diabetes as non-Indigenous Australians. Many people with type 2 diabetes display no symptoms.

The ABCs of Diabetes

If they do, they are sometimes dismissed as signs of 'getting older'. Symptoms include:. Source: Diabetes Australia.

How to manage diabetes: Expert Q&A

Diabetes runs in families, too. If you have a family member with diabetes, you may have a genetic disposition to the condition. There are also risk factors over which you have some control. These include being overweight or obese especially around your waist , low levels of physical activity, unhealthy eating habits, cigarette smoking and high blood pressure.

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To find out your risk of developing type 2 diabetes within the next five years, you can check your risk with the Government's screening tool. Research shows type 2 diabetes can be prevented — and even reversed early on — with lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise. According to Diabetes Australia, a small weight loss per cent of your body weight can make a big difference, and reduce your risk of developing complications like heart disease, stroke and some cancers.

Diabetes: A snapshot

There is a point of no return, and it's probably within the first few years of onset," Professor Thomas says. An online screening test tells Anna Salleh she is at "high risk" for diabetes. She investigates what it means and what she can do about it. Similarly, if you have pre-diabetes your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not sufficiently high to diagnose type 2 diabetes , losing per cent of your body weight has been shown to prevent type 2 diabetes in nearly six out of 10 people.

For people living with type 2 diabetes, ongoing management of the condition aims to prevent complications — chiefly heart attack and stroke — by controlling blood pressure, cholesterol levels and blood glucose levels. This can be achieved through a combination of healthy eating, regular physical activity and, in some cases, glucose-lowering medication. They can be onerous, but the payback in terms of longevity and good health are considerable," Professor Thomas says. If you have inside knowledge of a topic in the news, contact the ABC. ABC teams share the story behind the story and insights into the making of digital, TV and radio content.

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ABC of Diabetes

Learn more. Fitness Medicine Mental health Diet Programs. It's fat stuck in the wrong place.


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